Underground Parking Facilities at Baiturrahman Grand Mosque and 5 Other Facts about Banda Aceh – Banda Aceh is home to a variety of ethnic Acehnese as well as those from outside the city. In fact, this multiculturalism has been going on for centuries. Like other ethnicities, the people of Banda Aceh form a culture with their own uniqueness.
Underground Parking Facilities at Baiturrahman Grand Mosque and 5 Other Facts about Banda Aceh
treetshop – This cultural diversity has finally accompanied the lives of generations here. Even though the name is no longer a foreign sound, you may not know some facts about the capital city of Aceh Province.
Its scope starts from history, to historical buildings, all adorn the joints of life in Banda Aceh. Here are some facts
1. The History Behind Its Majesty
The growth of this city cannot be separated from the historical influence of the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam. Aceh was once a separate country with its capital city Bandar Aceh Darussalam, now Banda Aceh. Its position is very strategic, namely between the Malacca Strait and the Indian Ocean.
Sultan Ali Mughayat Syah was the first sultan of the Kingdom of Aceh Darussalam, and ruled for 10 years. Although his reign was relatively short, he succeeded in establishing Banda Aceh as the center of Islamic civilization in Southeast Asia.
During his reign, Banda Aceh evolved into one of the city centers of defense. Aceh helped secure maritime trade routes and the traffic of pilgrims from piracy by the Portuguese fleet.
Meanwhile, Banda Aceh as the capital of the Sultanate of Aceh Darussalam was built by Sultan Johan Syah on 1 Ramadhan 601 Hijriah or 22 April 1205 in AD.
Bandar Aceh Darussalam later became a major regional city, known as a center for Islamic education and an axis of trade.
Therefore, this city was visited by many students and traders, from Arabic, Chinese, European, to Indian. Some of the migrants eventually settled in Aceh and married local women, thus creating cultural acculturation.
2. Historical Mosque House
Speaking of Banda Aceh, a piece of his identity “lies” in the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque. This place of worship, the pride of Acehnese residents, was originally called the Great Mosque, and was built by Sultan Iskandar Muda in 1022 Hijriah or 1612 AD.
From a historical perspective, the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque has invaluable value for the people of Aceh, because since Sultan Iskandar Muda until now it still stands majestically in the heart of Banda Aceh.
From many facts, you may not know that the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque has underground parking facilities that are no less neat and modern than those in malls or five-star hotels. This space can even accommodate dozens of cars.
3. Multicultural Evidence
Even though it has Islamic nuances, you will find a different atmosphere in the Peunayong area. The reason is, this area is a Chinatown area which is mostly inhabited by people of Chinese descent.
Visiting Peunayong Village will give an overview of how minorities live in the city of Banda Aceh. This area is located in Baiturrahman District or about four minutes drive from Baiturrahman Grand Mosque.
Here, you will find churches, monasteries, temples and mosques built not far away. Peunayong’s identity as a Chinatown will become clearer when the Chinese New Year is approaching.
Cultural attractions are also often combined with local arts. For example, the lion dance combined with seudati dance. Also, during the Thaipusam celebration of Tamil Hindus, barongsai also enlivened the procession of Lord Muruga.
4. Typical Banda Aceh Coffee
Aceh is one of the best coffee producing regions in the world through the arabica variety that thrives in the highlands, especially in Central Aceh District, Gayo Lues Regency and Bener Meriah Regency.
However, in the city of Banda Aceh, a variety of coffee was born which is the result of the collaboration of the Arabica and sap juice, namely nirapresso. This drink has a slightly sweet and sour taste which when sipped will give it a unique taste and tone.
Nirapresso is brewed cold, and will form two color gradations when served. Black on top and white from the sap on the bottom.
5. Symbol of Resurrection
The history of Aceh is not just about past glories. This area was devastated by a tsunami in 2004. However, this dark past has now become a turning point for the enthusiasm of the Acehnese, and is represented by the establishment of the Tsunami Museum in Banda Aceh.
This museum has been transformed into one of Banda Aceh’s icons and has been known not only by people in the country, but also abroad. The contents are not merely evidence of the legacy of the tsunami incident, but visitors seem to be brought to feel the incident and feel the surge of the awakening of the Acehnese people.
6. Love Symbol ala Taj Mahal
If India has the Taj Mahal as a building symbol of love, in Banda Aceh there is Taman Sari Gunongan. Located in the Taman Sari Bustanussalatin complex in Banda Aceh, this tourist attraction is known by a building called Penterana Batu.
Penterana Batu is a chair shaped like flower petals that bloom. In addition, this park is also equipped with Kandang Baginda which is the burial location for the family of the Sultan of the Kingdom of Aceh. There is also Pinto Khob which is the connecting door between Taman Sari Gunongan and the Palace.